Everybody would die one day. Man is different from other animals because he knows beforehand that he will die someday. Knowing this is very important to plan for the future. What will happen to your loved ones after your demise. Sure, no one likes to dwell on their demise, but you must plan ahead to avoid any confusion or legal issues after you have gone.
What will happen to all that you have collected during the lifetime, in the guise of properties, stocks, bonds, securities, fixed deposits, jewelry, vehicles, furniture, lands, insurance policies and all other valuable items? Why did you amass them in the first place? Surely, you wanted your loved ones to have all of these items and enjoy their lives, once you have left this world. All these items that a person own is called an “Estate”. An estate plan is a means of passing these valuable items to the next generation.
There is a myth in the world that only wealthy people will need a estate plan. Estate planning is essential for the super wealthy, as well as, the not so wealthy people. Estate planning is the establishment of a management plan to deal with all your assets, after you have left this world. The owner of the assets is referred to as the “testator” in the estate document. This article will highlight the five elements that should be included in a good estate document.
1. The most important point is to see that the testator’s wish in distributing his or her assets are clearly stipulated in the document. No room should be left for someone else to interpret it differently after the testator’s death. This will go against his or her wish of distributing the assets equally to the members of the immediate family.
2. The opportunities to challenge the document should be minimized. If a beloved one is left out of the estate planning by mistake, he or she may stake a claim once the testator is dead and gone. This type of situation will cause a rift between family members, and tarnish the good name of the testator too. You must be aware of this before finalizing the plan.
3. The legal and familial responsibilities of the testator should be given high priority when preparing the estate document. The other responsibilities such as social and official should come right after this. Any charitable givings that the testator was engaged in, should also be included in the document.
4. The document should allow the beneficiaries to protect the inheritances from creditors or estranged spouses. They should be given the freedom to chart their own path in tax related matters, going forward.
5. The most important factor of a good estate document is to prepare it so that the testator and all other beneficiaries can understand it clearly. Most of the plans lack this clarity, and the beneficiaries end-up spending more on professional fees in order to get a clarification that they can understand.